Furniture Types and MaterialsSofa - Loveseat - Ottoman - Headboard - Chair - Cushion - Bench - Pillow
Included with base priceFoam with Dacron wrap
No Sag Springs
UpgradesDown Blend 25/75 GDF
4-Way Hand Tie Spring
8-Way Hand Tie Spring
Pillow ChoicesComforell (Synthetic blend)
Down Blend 25/75 GDF
S-springs are made from two-dimensional S-shaped wires and are also known as "No-Sag springs," "S coils," "Zigzag (zig zag) wire" or "zigzag (zig zag) springs". They are commonly used in ottomans, chairs (seat and back) and sofas (seat and back) and take the place of coil springs. They are fastened with clips and no-sag nails, and they run every few inches apart from front-to-back or top-to-bottom on Custom seats, backs, custom ottomans, etc.
4-way hand tie springs
Four-way hand-tied springs have a wide range of movement providing a very even and individual "sit", because they move up and down and from side to side. In the construction of these systems, the craftsman individually ties heavy-gauge coils from front to back and side to side (four ways) to provide the highest level of quality, comfort and durability. This process costs more because it is time consuming and can only be done by hand.
8-way hand tie springs
Eight-way hand-tied springs have a wide range of movement providing a very even and individual "sit", because they move up and down and from side to side. In the construction of these systems, the craftsman individually ties heavy-gauge coils from front to back, side to side and diagonally (eight ways) to provide the highest level of quality, comfort and durability. This process costs more because it is time consuming and can only be done by hand.
Feathers are found on the entire outer layer of waterfowl and primarily serve as protection. The two dimensional structure of feathers make it ideal for use as support in everything from bedding to cushions. Its shaft has a slight bend to it that gives it the curl needed to create a natural soft support. Feathers range in size from 2cm to several centimeters, however, it is the smaller feathers (5cm or less) that deliverers the best loft and support. Feathers can be used straight or blended with down to create fill used in custom cushions, decorative pillows, featherbeds, firm bed pillows.
Down is the light, soft and fluffy undercoating of waterfowl. It is found close to the body and is protected by the outside layer of feathers. Down is structurally different than feathers and is used for different purposes. Down is three-dimensional and does not have a shaft, instead it is made up of a cluster of fibers stemming from a central point. Down is the best natural insulator. It's efficiency is unbeatable, it is light and fluffy yet incredibly warm. In one ounce of down there are over two million filaments, which provides more warmth per ounce than any other synthetic material. Down is the ultimate in luxury, comfort and performance.
There are many properties of foam. The two most important are: Density and ILD.
Density is nothing more than how much a piece of foam weighs. It is determined by taking a cubic foot of foam (12" x 12" x 12") and weighing it. If the foam cube weighs 5 pounds, the density is 5.0. If it weighs 2.5 pounds, the density is 2.5. The higher the density, the longer the foam should last. The best foams for extended use are ones with a density of 1.8 or higher. Foams with a density of less than 1.8 are adequate for temporary use.
ILD stands for Indentation Load Deflection and refers to the firmness of a piece of foam. The lab puts a 4" x 15" x 15" piece of foam on a flat surface.
Then a round metal plate, 8" in diameter, pushes down on that piece of foam. The amount of pounds of pressure it takes to squeeze the 4" piece of foam to 3 inches (25% compression) is referred to as the ILD. A low ILD, such as 10, doesn't offer much resistance and is an extremely soft piece of foam. A piece of foam that takes 46 pounds of pressure is an extra firm piece of foam. Generally speaking, ILD's of 10-22 are considered soft, 23-29 are medium, 30-37 are firm, and 38+ are considered extra firm. The comfort range for most people is 25-35. Foam does soften slightly with regular use.
Bonded Polyester Batting
Commonly referred to as Dacron bonded polyester is used for cushion wrap, outside panel padding on furniture, cornices and many other uses.